Fragas do Eume Nature Reserve

Fragas do Eume Nature Reserve

The Fragas do Eume Nature Reserve is Europe’s best-preserved coastal Atlantic forest. Located in the deep canyon carved out by the River Eume, its forest dates back to the Neolithic period. The reserve covers a total of 9,393 ha, with 2,500ha of that consisting of oak forest.

The nature reserve contains part of two hiking routes, a short one (PR) and a long one (GR-50).

In and around the reserve there are remains of human settlement, these include several burial mounds and “castros” (fortified settlements) and also the monasteries of San Xoán de Caaveiro and Santa María de Monfero. Definitely worth a visit, is the Monastery of Caaveiro which is located within the reserve. The monastery has been declared a historic-artistic monument and is particularly interesting because of its medieval architecture.

The Fragas do Eume Nature Reserve is home to a number of endemic animal species. Some of which are in danger of extinction, these include the reptile salamander, wolf and some birds of prey. The park has catalogued 15 species of amphibians, 14 species of reptiles, 8 species of fish, 103 species of birds and 41 species of mammals. This makes it one of the areas with the most valuable fauna in Spain.

The Fragas do Eume Nature Reserves predominant tree is the oak, which there are vast forests of. Chestnut, willow, aspen, hazels, ash trees, birches and strawberry trees also grow here. Near the river black poplars and alders grow, which in turn provide shelter for ferns and mosses and several species of rare daffodils.


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