Alto Tajo Nature Reserve

Alto Tajo Nature Reserve

The Alto Tajo Nature Reserve has the most extensive amount of ravines and canyons in the region. Carved out by the River Tajo and its tributaries, it’s full of wonderfully eroded rocks which have been shaped into needles, monoliths and terraces. Its landscape is extremely diverse and includes mountains, lagoons, ravines and canyons, valleys, moors, salt marshes, and peat bogs. This diversity is why it is so important ecologically as it supports a huge array of flora and fauna. The area is located between the south-eastern part of the province of Guadalajara and the north-eastern part of the province of Cuenca and covers 176,265 ha.

It is possible to walk or cycle within the Reserve. Many of the walks are extremely long and are best suited for cycling.

The hydrographical network is the element that has made this area what it is today. Water from river courses has conditioned the climate, the surface, fauna, flora and even human settlements.

This is one of the few places where Bonelli’s eagles are still found, along with golden eagles, griffon vultures and peregrine falcons. Goshawks, woodpeckers, tits, finches are just some of the other types of birds found here. Mammals include, wild cats, wildboar, weasles, martens, genet and deer.

There are extensive pine forests made up of different species. These include Scots pine. Also growing in the Alto Tajo Nature Reserve are oak and holm oak, under these grow Mediterranean scrub.


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