Nature Parks in Castilla y Leon

Nature Parks in Castilla y Leon
Arribes del Duero Natural Park
Located in the west of Zamora and Salamanca, where the river Duero borders with Portugal. The river has eroded the surrounding granite landscape and formed deep and extensive valleys and headlands. The Natural Park covers a total of 176,248 ha and has rich and varied fauna and flora.
Candelario Natural Space
Situated to the southwest of Salamanca, the Candelario Natural space includes the Sierra Candelario and is part of the Condillera Central mountain range. This is a little known area and is very beautiful.
Cañón del Río Lobos Natural Park
El Cañón del Río Lobos was one of the first protected areas in Castilla y León and is located between the provinces of Burgos and Soria. The deep canyon which the river Lobos runs through is approximately 20km in length and sheer limestone. It is a spectacular place to visit.
Covalagua Natural Space
The Covalagua Natural Space is located in the Páramo de La Lora, between the provinces of Palencia and Burgos. It covers an area of 2860ha. The karstic limestone landscape is full of caverns, dolines, waterfalls and large hanging synclinals.
El Rebollar Natural Space
The Sierra de Gata is the last massif of the Sistema Central located within Spanish territory. The mountains are predominantly slate with small granite outcrops, with the highest peak reaching just over 1,500m (Peña Canchera). It is home to some of the most extensive Pyrenean oak forests in the Iberian Peninsula.
Fuentes Carrionas and Fuente Cobre Natural Park
The Natural Park lies in the most northwest of the province of Palencia. This remote area is home to a spectacular, almost unknown, mountain range. It covers an area of almost 8,000ha that has been sculpted by glaciers, leaving deep valleys, cliffs, precipices and high jutting peaks. The peaks reach up to 2,500. There are also many lakes of glacial origin in the area.
Hoces del Alto Ebro y Rudrón Natural Space
The Hoces del Alto Ebro y Rudrón Natural Space is located in the North Eastern part of the province of Burgos and covers 45,767ha. The river Ebro and its tributaries has eroded the surrounding limestone leaving canyons, gorges and ravines.
La Yecla & Sabinar de Arlanza Natural Space
The Nature Space of La Yecla y los Sabinares del Arlanza is an area which consists of mountains, canyons and deep gorges. The limestone rocks of the Peñas de Cervera mountains contain many gorges, one in particular is the famous La Yecla gorge which is a deep and narrow gorge from which the area takes its name. Situated to the south of Burgos, near Santo Domingo de Silos, it covers an area of 26,055ha.
Lago de Sanabria y Alrededores Natural Park
The Lago de Sanabria Natural Park is a beautiful area located in the north-west of Zamora Province. Over thirty glacial lakes lie at 4000 feet or more above sea level. It consists of mountains, lakes, lagoons, waterfalls, canyons and valleys. The mountain peaks rise to between 2000 and 7000 feet. The park’s name sake is a large lake glacial lake which covers 318ha (surface area) and is a depth of 50 metres – this is the largest lake in the Iberian Peninsula.
Lagunas de Villafáfila Natural Reserve
Located in the north-eastern part of the province of Zamora and in the middle of Tierra de Campos lies the collection of lakes, Las Lagunas de Villafáfila, one of the most important wetlands of northern Spain. This hugely important and popular area is used by aquatic, steppe and migratory birds. It covers an area of 32682ha.
Las Batuecas Natural Park
Located to the southeast of Salamanca, at the border with Cáceres and covering an area of 32,000ha. Deep within its mountainous surroundings is the Las Batuecas Natural Park; a stunning valley of lush green forest and vegetation which is a haven for many Iberian flora and fauna. The Natural Park is home to many prehistoric (mid-Neolithic) cave paintings and set deep within the valley is the Carmelite convert of San José.
Las Tuerces Natural Space
Las Tuerces is situated to the north of Palencia and covers an area of 782ha. Its landscape has been formed by karstic erosion which has left incredible natural arches, bridges and mushroom shapes.
Montes Obarenes Natural Park
The Montes Obarenes are the northern most spurs of the Cordillera Cantábrica. The Natural Park covers an area of 45,280ha. This mountainous region rises up to 1,237m (the highest peak is Pan Perdido) and is characterised by its series of deep gorges and ravines. The river Ebro, Oca and Purón carve through this beautiful landscape.
Pinar de Hoyocasero Natural Space
The small pine forest of Hoyocasero is situated to the South of the province of Ávila and sits between the sierras of Gredos and Paramera. It covers 150ha and although small it is extremely beautiful. Its ecological interest lies in the fact this forest contains plant species which are typical of the iberian, Mediterranean and mountain biographical regions.
Riberas de Castronuño Natural Reserve
The Riberas de Castronuño is a natural reserve is located in the Midwestern region of the province of Valladolid, and covers the stretch of the river Duero between the localities of Tordesillas and Castronuño. Castronuño contains the Embalse de San José reservoir. The Riberas de Castronuño is a classic marsh ecosystem, which is important as a nesting and hibernating area for many water birds. The reserve covers an area of 8,400ha.
Sabinar de Calatañazor Natural Reserve
The Sabinar de Calatañazor Natural Reserve is home to one of the best preserved junipers woods on the planet. It is located in Soria near the village of Calatanazor. The woods contain some trees that are over 2,000 years old, reach up to 14 metres high and are more than five metres in diameter. The area covers a total of 30ha.
Sierra de la Culebra Natural Space
The extensive territory of the Sierra de la Culebra is located in the north-eastern region of the province of Zamora. Although the area is mountainous, it is not particularly high (highest peak being just over 1000m). The area covers a total of 6,5891ha.
Sierra de Gredos Regional Park
The Gredos Regional Park (Parque Regional de la Sierra de Gredos) covers 86,236ha of the central Gredos mountains. All of the major Gredos peaks are found within the Park including the highest, Pico Almanzor (2,590mtrs). The park is located in the South of Castilla y León and encompasses a huge range of terrain and scenery. The area’s characteristics were formed by glacial erosion, which has left stunning lakes, cirques, gorges, knife-edged ridges, crags, granite boulders and moraine deposits.
Sierra de La Demanda Natural Space
The Sierra de La Demanda is located south-east of the province Burgos. The area is mountainous and home to lush forests and glacial lakes. It is also an area in which many burial sites, architectural remains and fossils exist. The protected area covers a total of 81,300ha.
Sierra de Urbión Natural Space
The Sierra de Urbión Natural Space is mountainous escarpments belonging to the Sistema Ibérico. Located at the borders between Soria, Burgos and La Rioja. The area is famous because the river Duero emerges within these mountains, and they also contain an interesting collection of lakes of glacial origin. Particularly interesting among the multitude of small natural lakes is La Laguna Negra ("The Black Pool"), which is surrounded by a mixed forest of Scots pines and beech trees, the lagoon is the source of many popular legends and traditions.
Sierras de la Paramera y Serrota Natural Space
The Sierras de la Paramera y Serrota Natural Space is located to the south of Avila and north of Gredos. It is part of a group of mountains which run parallel and north to the Sierra de Gredos. Their highest peaks reach about 2,300 metres. The total protected area is 41,000ha.
Valle de San Emiliano Natural Space
The Valle de San Emiliano Natural Space is located in the northern province of Leon, on the border with Asturias and at the foot of the massive Ubiña Peña (2,417m). The valley lies between Moon and Babia and due to its karstic origin has left spectacular scenery. The total protected area is 55,000ha.
Valle de Iruelas Natural Reserve
The easternmost side of the Sierra de Gredos contains a small, but very special area: The Valle de Iruelas. Drained by a series of mountain streams – principally, the Iruelas, a tributary of the river Alberche – its slopes are covered by a valuable forest of many diverse species. Among these, the Austrian pine stands out, with several large, 1,000-year old examples still growing in the area. The Reserve’s mountains range from the 1,950m (Cerro de la Escusa) to the banks of the Embalse del Burguillo (reservoir) at 730m. The area covers a total of 8,828ha.